The Last Teaching of The Buddha
Beneath the sala trees at Kusinagara, in his last
words to his disciples, the Buddha said, "Make of yourself a light, Rely
upon yourself: do not depend upon anyone else. Make my teachings your
light. Rely upon them: do not depend upon any other
Consider your body: Think of its
impurity. Knowing that both its pain and its delight are alike causes of
suffering, how can you indulge in its desires? Consider yourSelf; think
of it and cherish proud and selfishness, knowing that they must all end in
inevitable suffering? Consider all substances; can you find among the many
enduring self;? Are they not all aggregates that sooner or later will
break apart and be scattered? Do not be confused by the universality of
suffering, but follow my teaching, even after my death, and you will be
rid of pain. Do this and you will indeed be my disciples
"My disciples, the teachings that I have given you
are never to be forgotten or abandoned. They are always to be
treasured, they are to be thought about, they are to be practiced. if you
follow these teachings you will always be happy.
"The point of the teachings is to control your own
mind, Keep your mind from greed, and you will keep your behavior right,
your mind pure and your words faithful. By always thinking about the
transiency of your life, you will be able to resist greed and anger, and
will be able to avoid all evils.
"If you found you mind tempted and so entangled in
greed, you must suppress and control the temptation; be the master of you
r own mind.
"A man's mind may make him a Buddha, or it may make
him a beast, Misled by error, one becomes a demon; Enlightened, one
becomes a Buddha, Therefore, control your mind and do not let it deviated
from the right path.
"You should respect each other,
follow my teachings, and refrain from disputes; you should not, like water
and oil, repel each other, but should, like milk and water mingle
"Study together, learn together, praxis my
teachings together, Do not waste your mind and time idleness and
quarreling, Enjoy the blossoms of Enlightenment in their season and
harvest the fruit of the right path.
"If you neglect them, it means that you have never really met me, It
means that you are far from me, even if you are actually with me; but if
you accept and praxes my teachings, then you are very near to me, even
though you are far away.
"Disciples, my end is approaching,
our parting is near, but do not lament, Life is ever changing; none can
escape the dissolution of the body, This I am now to show by my own death,
my body falling apart like a dilapidated cart.
"Do not vainly lament, but realize
that nothing is permanent and learn from it the emptiness of human life,
Do not cherish the unworthy desire that the changeable might become
unchanging, "The demon of worldly desires is always seeking chances
to deceive the mind, If a viper lives in your room and you wish to have a
peaceful sleep, you must first chase it out.
"My disciples, my last moment has come, but do not
forget that death is only the end of the physical body, The body was born
from parents and was nourished by food; just as inevitable are sickness
and death, "But the true Buddha is not a human body:- It is
Enlightenment, A human body must die, but the Wisdom of Enlightenment will
exist forever in the truth of the Dharma, and in the practice of the
Dharma, He who sees merely my body does not truly see me. Only he who
accepts my teaching truly sees me.
"After my death, the Dharma shall be your teacher.
Follow the Dharma and you'll be true to me "During the last forty-five
years of my life, I have withheld nothing from my teachings. There is no
secret teaching, no hidden meaning; everything has been taught openly and
clearly. My dear disciples. This is the End, In a moment, I shall be
passing into Nirvana. This is my Instruction.